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An Overview of Masjid Al Nabawi

By S Batool, Posted on 20 Dec, 2022 at 12:17 pm

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An Overview of Masjid Al Nabawi

Built by the Islamic prophet Muhammad himself, Masjid Al Nabawi (Arabic: المسجد النبوي‎) is the second holiest mosque in Islam. Located in Medina, Saudi Arabia, this mosque is the second largest mosque in the world after the Masjid al-Haram in Mecca. It serves as a resting place for Muhammad and holds immense spiritual meaning for Muslims across the globe. So what do we know about Al Masjid an Nabawi? Let’s dive into its history and significance.


A Brief History

The first mosque that was built on the site was constructed by Prophet Muhammad himself in 622 AD. He chose this site because it happened to be his house at the time. The original mosque was small, only measuring 30m x 35m, and was made with mud bricks and palm tree trunks as its walls and roof. However, when Umar ibn al-Khattab became Caliph of the Islamic Caliphate in 634 AD, he decided to build a proper mosque around the central courtyard. He constructed a simple rectangular building with mud walls and wooden columns to accommodate 3,000 people during prayers. This mosque marked the beginning of Islamic architecture, which quickly spread throughout other Middle Eastern countries. Over the centuries, many rulers have extended or reconstructed parts of the mosque to make sure it can accommodate more worshippers. One major renovation project took place during the reign of King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz in 1995 when he added an additional prayer area for women and expanded other parts of the mosque as well.



Green Dome (al-Qubbah al-Khaḍrā')

The Green Dome is one of the most recognizable features of Masjid al-Nabawi and serves as a symbol of its significance to Muslims across the globe. The dome was originally built by Caliph al-Mansur in 778 CE, but it has since been renovated and restored numerous times throughout its history. The current version was constructed in 1817 by Sultan Mahmud II and has become widely recognized as one of the most iconic landmarks in Medina.


Rawdah Riyad ul-Jannah & Rawdah Rasool (Tomb of Prophet Muhammad)

The Rawdah Riyad ul-Jannah is an area located between two minarets within the walls of Masjid al-Nabawi and marks the location where Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) prayed after his arrival in Medina. It also houses his tomb known as Rawdah Rasool, which is an area that is highly venerated by Muslims who visit it to pay their respects to him. Visitors are usually seen standing or sitting quietly in prayer around this area while others recite holy verses from the Quran.


Minarets Of Masjid an-Nabawi & Dikkat al-Aghwat and al-Suffah

The Minarets of Masjid an-Nabawi tower high above its walls and can be seen from miles away. These four minarets are among some of the oldest Islamic structures still standing today with their original designs intact. Along with these minarets, visitors will also find two other places—Dikkat al Aghwat and Dikkat al Suffah—that were used for prayer purposes during Prophet Muhammad’s (peace be upon him) lifetime and serve to remind people about his teachings today. 


Library Of The Prophet's Mosque & Ottoman Prayer Hall & Ottoman Courtyards

Completed during the reign of Ottoman Sultan Suleiman I, the Library Of The Prophet's Mosque houses important manuscripts related to Islamic history, including copies of Hadith books which include sayings attributed to Prophet Mohammad (PBUH). Additionally, visitors will also find a prayer hall which was constructed during the Ottoman era with original decorations still intact along with several courtyards that are open for public use.


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The Meaning Behind Masjid al Nabawi

Masjid al Nabawi has immense spiritual significance for Muslims around the world due to its importance within Islamic history and tradition. As previously mentioned, this is where Muhammad settled shortly after his migration from Mecca to Medina; as such, it marks a key moment in Islamic history as well as marks him as one of God’s prophets on earth.

Additionally, many miracles are believed to have taken place at this site; thus it holds great religious importance for Muslims who visit from all over the world every year on pilgrimage trips known as hajj or umrah (minor pilgrimage).



Al-Masjid an-Nabawi is a significant site in both Islamic culture and history due to its association with Prophet Muhammad himself who built it shortly after migrating from Mecca to Medina in 622 AD. It also marks pivotal moments within Islamic tradition such as Umar ibn al-Khattab's construction of a rectangular building with mud walls and wooden columns which marked the beginning of Islamic architecture; thus making it an important piece of architecture today too! Furthermore, many believe that miracles have taken place here which gives even more spiritual weight to those who visit from all corners of the world every year on pilgrimage trips known as hajj or umrah (minor pilgrimage). All these reasons make Al-Masjid an-Nabawi one of Islam’s holiest sites for believers across multiple continents today!

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S Batool

Batool is a travel blogger and destination expert.